Gonaïves is a commune in northern Haiti, and the capital of the Artibonite department of Haiti. It has a population of about 300,000 people. The city of Gonaïves was founded in 1422 by Indians who named it Gonaibo.
Haiti is a Caribbean country that shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic to its east. Though it?s still recovering from a 2010 earthquake, many of Haiti's landmarks dating to the early 19th century remain intact. These include Citadelle la Ferrière, a mountaintop fortress, and the nearby ruins of Sans-Souci Palace, the baroque former royal home of King Henry I.